How to Perform CPR on Infants and Children

How to Perform CPR on Infants and Children 1

Understanding the Importance of CPR for Infants and Children

CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a lifesaving technique that can be crucial in emergencies. While many people are familiar with performing CPR on adults, it is equally important to know how to perform it on infants and children. CPR can help maintain blood flow and provide oxygen to the brain during cardiac arrest, potentially saving a child’s life. In this article, we will discuss the steps Click to access this informative content perform CPR on infants and children.

How to Perform CPR on Infants and Children 2

Step-by-Step Guide to CPR on Infants and Children

Performing CPR on infants and children requires some modifications compared to adult CPR. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you provide effective CPR: For a comprehensive educational experience, visit this carefully selected external resource. Inside, you’ll uncover extra and pertinent details on the topic. HLR utbildning Stockholm, check it out!

  • Step 1: Assess the situation and check for potential hazards. Ensure the area is safe for both you and the child.
  • Step 2: Gently tap the child to check for responsiveness. Shout and look for any signs of movement or response.
  • Step 3: If the child is unresponsive, place them on a firm surface, such as the floor or ground.
  • Step 4: Open the child’s airway. Tilt their head back slightly and lift their chin forward.
  • Step 5: Check for breathing. Look, listen, and feel for signs of normal breathing for about 5 seconds. If the child is not breathing or gasping for air, this indicates a need for CPR.
  • Step 6: Begin chest compressions. For infants, use two fingers positioned on the center of the chest just below the nipple line. For children, use the heel of one hand on the center of the chest.
  • Step 7: Deliver rescue breaths. Pinch the child’s nose shut, place your mouth over their mouth, and give two gentle breaths. Make sure to watch for chest rise and fall.
  • Step 8: Continue with cycles of chest compressions and rescue breaths. Maintain a ratio of 30 compressions to 2 rescue breaths.
  • Step 9: If possible, ask someone to call for emergency medical help or do it yourself if you’re alone. It is important to activate the emergency response system as soon as possible.
  • Remember, the overall goal of CPR is to maintain blood flow and oxygenation until professional medical help arrives.

    Considerations when Performing CPR on Infants and Children

    Performing CPR on infants and children can be emotionally challenging, but it is crucial to stay calm and focused. Here are a few considerations to keep in mind:

  • Compression Depth and Rate: It is important to adjust the compression depth and rate based on the age and size of the child. For infants, compress the chest to about 1 1/2 inches, while for children, compress to about 2 inches. Maintain a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
  • Avoid Over-Ventilation: Be cautious not to provide excessive rescue breaths, as it may cause stomach distension. Ensure that each breath is delivered gently and results in visible chest rise.
  • Stopping CPR: You can stop performing CPR if the child shows signs of life, starts breathing normally, or if professional medical help takes over. Otherwise, continue CPR until professional help arrives.
  • It is important to keep in mind that the steps and techniques involved in CPR may change over time based on updated guidelines and recommendations. It is strongly advised to stay updated with any relevant changes. Enhance your understanding of the topic by visiting this external resource we’ve selected for you. Discover new details and perspectives on the subject covered in the article. HLR kurs Stockholm, continue your learning journey!


    Learning how to perform CPR on infants and children is a valuable skill that can potentially save lives. The steps provided in this article offer a general guideline, but it is essential to consider taking a formal CPR training course, such as those offered by recognized organizations like the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association. The more prepared you are, the better equipped you will be to respond effectively in an emergency situation involving infants and children.

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